How Could You Tell If Corona Vaccine Is Safe and Effective? – The latest news about corona virus brings new hope to the global population; a new vaccine for corona virus has been found. Rumors say that the vaccine would be ready in the end of 2020 or in the middle of 2021 at the latest. Unfortunately, the global population do not approve the vaccine; how could they know that the vaccine is effective and safe?
– The Signs That A Vaccine Is Safe
First of all, there are several clinical trials that should be passed before a vaccine could be published to the public. On stage one and two, the main goal is ensuring that the developed vaccine formulation has no lethal effect or causes additional health complication to the patients. To check this, the developed vaccine is continuously tested in the laboratory and the result is closely monitored.
After the vaccine passed the first and second clinical trials, it is considered as “safe”. Unfortunately, being safe is not enough as the base to release the vaccine. It should be clinically tested to a lot of people. This is why the third stage of clinical trait could not be skipped.
A big scale experiment should be conducted as part of third stage in clinical traits. The participants will be divided to two groups: study and control. One group will get the vaccine and another will get the placebo shot. These individuals are monitored for days after the injection. The researchers expect to see no or mild side effects.
– The Criteria of Effective Vaccine
Although the vaccine is safe, it is not a guarantee that people will be cured after getting the injection. For this reason, there must be more criteria to build effective vaccine. According to FDA, the prevention should happen to at least half population. This is almost similar to the number of bettors registered in.
It would be even better if the effectiveness of the vaccine reaches 70 to 75 percent. For corona vaccine, this percentage is possible to achieve. For now, the target for early vaccine is the people that has high chance to be infected; the health workers.
Later when the corona vaccine is ready, people should be careful. A safe vaccine is not always effective. Being safe means that the trials shows minimum side effects on the participants. To be an effective vaccine, it should perform well on at least 50% of the population.
How Do Countries Develop Corona Vaccine? – To end the corona pandemic, many countries do their best to develop a vaccine. Instead of cooperating as a country, the development of corona vaccine is blocked to several groups: the government, the private and international institution. These organizations are based on different cities, but they represent how the country progresses in vaccine development.
– The Country’s Government
When the epidemic breaks out in a country, the first institution that should officially respond is the country’s health representative. In this case, the government plays important role in the development of the corona virus vaccine. As the epidemic will affect the population in the country, the government should have separated funding to support the vaccine progress.
United States provides a good sample; president Donald Trump create the “Operation Warp Speed”. The government agrees to support the funding. The goal is not easy to achieve; in the beginning of 2021 the vaccine should have been mass-produced and ready for Americans.
In the US, the government gather up to five organizations to be the motor of Operation Warp. They are the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC), Health and Human Services (HHS), Food and Drug Administration (FDA), National Institutes of Health (NIH) and Department of Defense.
– International Organization and Private Sectors
Government is not the only one that could provide funding to pharmacy business. World Bank is an International Institutions that actively support the manufacture of corona vaccine for global population. The world bank also works with other organizations. Last July, the world bank coalition calls all countries to join “Covax” program.
Private sector also takes their own part in developing the vaccine. Some of the best samples are Johnson & Johnson and also Sinopharm. They are progressing in fast pace to produce the most effective vaccine to cure corona. Although their research and development studies are not as popular as the others, the results are providing meaningful input to the progress.
When people read that certain country could present a report on corona vaccine development, it is not the work of a single organization. There are several groups in a country that contributes to the effort. They are the government body, private sectors and international organization. They work together to speed up the process.
The Notable Vaccines You Have to Know – Vaccine can be one of the best options you can take in order to protect yourself and your lovely ones from the various health consequences such as pain, virus infection, and even death. Based on this specific fact, it is so obvious that it will never be a bad idea for you to get a vaccine especially if you want to keep your good health nicely. Furthermore, there are actually so numerous vaccines that can cure the diseases so well. So, you better figure them out below.
– The Inactivated Poliovirus Vaccine
One of the notable vaccines that you have to know is the inactivated poliovirus vaccine which can be one of the most recommended vaccines given to kids. This vaccine will be focused on preventing the kids from the infection of the central nervous system that can lead to permanent paralysis. There are so many health authorities and public service website give procedure in many different countries still do this vaccine to the kids even though it never happens to United States of America for decades. It is all because there are still poliovirus outbreaks in some parts of the world. Even, most of the people who are suffering from this disease had no symptoms at the beginning, which makes the situation get worse. In addition, this vaccine is given to the infants and children (2 months old to 6 years old) in two different ways which are injection and oral.
– Hepatitis B Vaccine
Then, hepatitis B vaccine is the other useful vaccine that you have to know for sure. This specific vaccine can really prevent the liver inflammation and cirrhosis which the damaged tissue replaces the healthy tissue that can cause liver cancer and liver failure. Unfortunately, all of those health consequences can infect the people easily even if you were still a baby. It can be proven when 36% of them got infected by the Hepatitis virus since they were children. Aside of that, it also infected the infants who died because of liver diseases as adults. So then, that is the main reason why it has to be given to both of female and male infants in three phases (at birth, 1 to 2 months, and 6 to 18 months) through injection. Additionally, it is also so necessary for the parents to check up on their recent health condition as the Hepatitis B virus can be transmitted by means of blood or any other body fluid. So, they can reduce the risks of hepatitis B disease of their kids well.
The Important Vaccines You Better Know – Vaccine is definitely something that you have to take mainly if you are looking for the best option to prevent some particular diseases. It will definitely protect you from any pain and virus infection in the most effective way for sure. So then, it can really help you to keep your good health without worrying about a thing. Then, there are actually so various important vaccines that you better know. So, in case you are so curious about them, you can find out some of them below.
– Rotavirus Vaccine
One of the important vaccines that you have to know is rotavirus vaccine. This particular vaccine will be focused on reducing and stopping the development of rotavirus that causes diarrhea on infants and kids worldwide. The worst case of rotavirus happened in the United States of America where there were 2 to 3 million people got infected by the virus, about 60,000 hospitalized, and about 20 to 60 died. So, it is actually no wonder if this vaccine has to be given to the infants in three doses, which are at 2 months old, at 4 months old, and 6 months old, by oral method. Nevertheless, some birds told that this vaccine has been developed in two different versions because many experts found that the better hygiene and sanitation cannot stop the disease.
– Measles, Mumps, and Rubella (MMR) Vaccine
Furthermore, the other important vaccine that you cannot miss is measles, mumps, and rubella (MMR) vaccine. This kind of vaccine needs to be given to a newborn baby as soon as possible especially when the mother gets infected by the virus commonly in the beginning of the pregnancy. It is because measles can cause skin changes, Koplik spots, encephalopathy, and even brain damage. Then, mumps can cause the painful inflammation of the pancreas, salivary glands, and testicles as well. Moreover, rubella is the cause of skin rash, lymph nodes, joint pain, and etc. So, based on this, it is clear why the infants and small children really need this vaccine especially when you consider all of the bad impacts of those health issues. In addition to this, there are two doses of the vaccine, which the first dose will commonly be done to the 12 to 15 months old and the second is for the 4 to 6 years old kids. Both of those doses will be done by the injection method.
COVID-19 Vaccine from Different Parts of The World
Global population is struggling to continue their life and the ends are not predictable yet. The only way to re-open the schools, jobs and businesses starts with the vaccine for COVID-19. This cure is not easy to make, but mega pharmacies all over the worlds are doing the best to speed up the process.
– The Process to Get A Vaccine
It is often mentioned that making vaccine takes a long time. However, not all people understand the whole process of vaccine-making. There are at least five phases that should be taken before a vaccine could be distributed to the public. They are the preclinical testing, the safety trials, the expanded trials, efficacy trials, approval, and combined phases.
None of these trials could be skipped; each is essential part of the process. For example, if the expanded trial where the vaccine is given to sample group of hundreds of people is missing, how could the researcher learn the effects? Careful steps should be taken as human life is sensitive matter.
– United States: Moderna Biotechnology Company
One company that takes part to make vaccine for COVID-19 is Moderna. This company is based in United States. The researchers make the vaccine based on messenger RNA (Mrna). The aim is triggering the body to make protein that could fight the virus. The progress is great and government agrees to invest on the company.
The reason why Moderna vaccine could progress faster is their experiment on monkeys. The vaccine is reported to protect monkeys from corona virus. As monkeys share similar DNA to human, many countries expect positive result on the development, and the online sites could guarantee the similar result on the games.
– Germany: BioNTech
United States is not the only country that makes progress on COVID-19 vaccine. German company called BioNTech also develop a vaccine in collaboration with Pfizer from New York and Fosun Pharma from China. Instead of one, this company makes two version of the vaccine; one of which shows positive results on the limited group sample.
People might be anxious while waiting for COVID-19 vaccine, but the process to make one is neither simple nor short. This vaccine should be safe to use before it could be distributed globally. So far, American and Germany companies report a positive progress on the vaccine development. It is predicted to be ready for the market in 2021.